Flora of Scotts Creek Watershed
Heteromeles arbutifolia - Toyon
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Family Name: Rosaceae
Common Names: Toyon, Christmas Berry
Origin: Native to California
Habitat: Common chaparrals and woodland, below 4000 ft.
Life Form and Duration: Perennial Shrub, tree, up to 5 m tall.
Bark and Stem Description: Grayish, twigs with fine hairs.
Foliage Type: Evergreen
Foliage Description: Alternate, stiff and leathery, glossy green, elliptic to oblong, 5-10 cm long, short petioled, margins sharply toothed, shiny dark green upper surfaces, dull and paler lower surfaces.
Infloresence Description: Terminal panicles, open, flat-topped, many white flowers (less than 1 cm across).
Fruit Type: Pomes
Fruit Description: Bright red, occasionally yellow. 5-10 mm in diameter, mealy pulp.