Flora of Scotts Creek Watershed
Eriodictyon californicum - California Yerba Santa
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Family Name: Hydrophyllaceae
Common Names: California Yerba Santa, Mountain Balm
Origin: Native to California
Locations found in Swanton Area: Photographs taken along trail up to the General Smith Tree from Little Creek Drainage
Habitat: Woodlands and chaparrals of N. California mountains, disturbed areas such as slopes, fields, and roadsides. 60-1900 m.
Life Form and Duration: Perennial Shrub, 1-3 m
Comments on overall growth: Has open coarse growth, may form dense stands, grows suckers along roots.
Bark and Stem Description: Twigs smooth and hairless (rarely may be sparsely hairy), sticky. Older stems have shredding bark.
Foliage Type: Evergreen
Foliage Description: Alternate, simple, strongly scented, sticky, somewhat leathery, lanceolate to oblong shape, 5-15 cm long and less than 5 cm wide, may be fine teeth on margins, margins rolled under. Upper surface may be glabrous, sticky, or sparsely hairy. Lower surface hairy between veins forming a net like pattern.
Infloresence Description: Open inflorescence at tips of branches
Flower Description: Flowers funnel shaped, 5-merous, white to purple.
Fruit Type: Capsules opening along 4 valves, 1-3 mm wide. Contains 2-20 seeds, dark brown or black, striate.
Plant Use: Used in a variety of herbal medicines.
Common Associates: Arctostaphylos, Toxicodendron diversilobum, Adenostoma fasiculatum, Chrysolepis chrysophylla, Ceanothus papillosus, Ceanothus betuloides, Pinus sabiniana, Rhamnus ilicifolia, Cercocarpus betuloides, Quercus wislizenii, Quercus douglaii.