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Flora of Scotts Creek Watershed

Growth Form Full Full2 Clearing Leafshape Flower1 Flower2 Flower Closeup Seeds Seeds2

Cynoglossum grande - Western Hound's Tongue

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Family Name: Boraginaceae

Common Names: Western Hound's Tongue, Pacific or Grand Hound's Tongue

Origin: Native to California

Habitat: Shaded or open areas in woodland or chaparral, below 1500 m.

Life Form and Duration: Perennial Herb

Comments on overall growth: Generally 1 stem, 30-90 cm, with large long-stalked leaves at the base and flowers clustered at the top.

Foliage Description: Leaf blades are large (7.5-15 cm long, 3-10 cm wide), attached to long petioles (8-15 cm). Ovate, base truncate or cordate, few hairs on upper surface, many hairs on lower surface. Rough feeling when touched.

Infloresence Description: Loose cluster of flowers in a panicle, above height of leaves.

Flower Description: Radial, corolla funnel shaped with 5 distinct lobes (looks like separate petals), purple or blue, flower about 1.5 cm wide, 5 white 2-lobed pads circling center of flower.

Flowering Season: March-June

Fruit Description: 4 attached nutlets, 6 mm long each, roundish, surfaces covered with short barbed prickles, dark brown to black.

Plant Use: The roots were prepared by Native Americans to treat burns and stomachaches.