Flora of Scotts Creek Watershed
Corallorhiza striata - Striped Coral Root
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Family Name: Orchidaceae
Common Names: Striped Coral Root, Hooded Coral Root
Origin: Native to California
Habitat: Rich shaded woods, 75-2200 m elevation.
Life Form and Duration: Perennial Herb, 15-50 cm
Comments on overall growth: Plants with leafless reddish-purple stems, may have greater than 45 flowers per stem. Grows from coral-like rhizomes. Can form large colonies.
Foliage Description: Nearly leafless, reduced to bract-like sheaths on lower stem.
Infloresence Description: Numerous flowers in a raceme.
Flower Description: Bilaterally symetrical, profusely striped, about 1.6 cm across. 3 sepals, 2 upper petals, and 1 lip petal. Sepals oblong-elliptic, upper petals smaller and more linear, both slightly cupped, 6-17 mm long, brown to reddish-brown to yellowish pink with 3-5 brownish-red stripes. Lip petal ovate-elliptic, bent down at base and up cup-like at tip, 8-15 mm long, with 5 stripes converging at tip. No projection of sepals behind flower.
Fruit Type: Capsule
Fruit Description: Ellipsoid, hanging, 6 ribbed, purplish, 12-15 mm long.
Other Comments: "After producing flower stalks, rhizomes may remain dormant for several years."